Security guards are mandated to protect not only properties but also the welfare of people. This is among the most satisfying aspects of the job, as these guards serve knowing that they can make other individuals feel safe and secure in various environments. One of the most effective and proactive ways to do this is through security patrols.

At first glance, security guards patrolling an area seem to just idle by and have nothing to do with the security system. However, there are valid reasons why trained security guards perform such rounds. The aim of security patrols is to shield people from dangerous conditions and assaults. This act further seeks to deter damage and waste caused by fraud and breaches of confidentiality, as well as to protect assets and premises and to detect crime.

What is Security Patrolling?

Security patrolling is a security service operation in which a security service provider sends security staff to patrol, inspect, and guard the client unit or a certain location and section. Through this service, the guards aim to identify, correct, and defend against different factors that could harm internal security.

There are some things that security guards keep an eye out for when on patrol. They continuously inspect all entrances and exits of the property for any evidence of tampering. They also search for unusual subjects that seem out of place, such as bags, briefcases, and other potentially dangerous items. Finally, they observe those who exhibit unusual behavior, identify and deescalate continuing crimes, and help persons who may need assistance, such as those who are lost, need help with mobility, or other issues.

The Different Types of Security Patrolling

There are several types of security patrols, and each one is used differently depending on the scenario or structure of the area.

Foot Patrol

As the name suggests, this type of patrolling is done on foot. This method is critical since the guard can inspect the place quickly. When security personnel actively patrols around a client’s property, they can detect possible threats or issues such as open windows, jammed doors, trespassers, floods, and fire breakout triggers. If they notice any of the mentioned circumstances, they can take note and act on it.

Vehicle Security Patrol

This type of security patrol is typically utilized on larger facilities. It allows the guard to cover a lot of ground in a short amount of time, which is very useful when an urgent reaction is required. Vehicle security patrol covers the use of golf carts, bicycles, and other forms of mechanical mobility.

Traditional Patrol

This is often carried out by managers who split jobs and areas among themselves then delegate each responsibility to junior guards. At random intervals, the guards will patrol the area to monitor the surroundings and discover irregularities. When they finish patrolling, they register their job on the sign-in form, and their performance is evaluated using the paper records utilized by management.

Watchman Clock

A watchman clock often has a paper, light cardboard disk, or paper tape that is set to run for a specific amount of time. Disk models are often set for 24 hours, whereas tape models are set for 96 hours. The user would take the clock to each checkpoint that has a numbered key attached to it. That key will be placed into the clock, twisted, and the key number will be imprinted on the disk.

The timings are pre-printed on the paper disk or tape, and the key stamped the key number on the matching time. This implies that each key would leave a mark on a paper disk or reel, indicating that the guard’s activities are being recorded.

Guard Tour System

The guard tour system begins when the checkpoint is installed at a strategic position along the patrol route. During the patrol, the security guard reads the personnel point while carrying the patrol point, then reads it in the line sequence. When reading a patrol point, the incident point can be read at any moment if an emergency is discovered. After that, the patrol point number and reading time are recorded as a patrol record.

The patrol reader will be connected to the computer through wireless connection, and the data will be transferred to the management software’s database. After that, the management software analyzes and intelligently processes the data. From there, the statistics statements, such as missing patrol, may be acquired. Through these assertions, the actual accomplishment of patrol work may be accurately expressed, thereby completing scientific patrol job management.

CCTV System

When the environment does not enable traditional or foot patrol, closed-circuit television (CCTV) equipment from all elements of the central control room monitoring process can be utilized. CCTV systems may monitor certain events constantly or on an as-needed basis.

Security guards must pay close attention to any movement in the monitor. When an abnormal scenario is identified on the surveillance camera, the security guard must sound the alarm and aid the security professionals in dealing with the issue as quickly as possible.

Artificial Intelligence Patrol

The use of an automated patrol robot control system predetermines the patrol path. To offer the user with a preset monitoring point, the robot may be programmed to go from different patrol assignments, point to point, and transmit the video picture to a monitor on the far side.

The robot may also be programmed to operate and patrol at a specified time. In addition, it may give effective identification to the remote monitor in order to meet the objective of warning and information giving.

The Purpose of Security Patrol Services

Provide Security in the Area

The primary goal of security patrolling is to keep the premises under the security guard’s control secure. Preparing for a patrol should always begin with knowing the goal of your patrol, as this might alter from time to time, even within a single shift.
Not only must the security guard keep an eye out for intruders, but they must also check that the safety devices on machines in the area are in good functioning order.

Understand Location Map

It is also necessary to have a solid understanding of the geography of the area. The security guard must know where telephones, water shut-off valves, electrical and alarm panels, and light switches are located ahead of time. This also applies to locations where emergency lighting is supplied. The security guard should also know where emergency equipment, such as backup generators, first-aid kits, fire alarms, hydrants, and extinguishers, are kept.

Plan Out Emergency Routes

In an emergency, the guard should also know the best paths to take by choosing the shortest, most direct way with the fewest safety threats. They must develop a list of activities that should be completed while on patrol and arrange alternate routes ahead of time in case some locations are rendered inaccessible due to an emergency, such as fire, explosion, or chemical spill. A map of the major checkpoints, passages, chambers, stairwells, doors, and windows is also included.

Spot and Prevent Crime or Disaster Situations

Security guards have full authority to give warnings and citations, as well as detain anyone who commits crimes. They also complete the relevant reports on the situation. Their essential roles in security patrols include preventing loss and damage by reporting nonconformities, alerting policy and procedure violators, and restraining trespassers. The patrol’s time and route should be varied so that it does not become too predictable.

Security guards do not also stand about waiting for anything to happen. They conduct preventative patrol checks and take proactive security measures to deter crimes such as burglary, vandalism, theft, and other types of misbehavior.

Tips for Safe and Successful Security Patrol

Wear Appropriate Clothing

The choice of apparel may not sound important for security. However, if security officers on patrol are properly outfitted, they would be able to do their work more efficiently. Security personnel, for example, must wear uniforms or gear that does not restrict their mobility. Otherwise, they will be at a disadvantage during an incident that requires swift action and response.

To avoid injury, they should also choose comfortable footwear with a good range of motion. Their shoes must also not be prone to slipping. After all, security patrols require a lot of walking, running, and other physical activity.

Carry the Appropriate Gear

Security guards should also be prepared with defensive equipment. No matter how normal a beat appears to be when on patrol, no one can predict when things would go wrong. If they are permitted or obliged to carry guns, they should always keep them in a secure location. If not, they should have other important equipment on hand, such as a flashlight, radio, pepper spray, and baton.

Look Out for Site Hazards 

Most of the time, security officers are assigned to patrol locations where dangerous elements are situated. In this case, the personnel must be adequately briefed on the hazards so they can properly protect themselves. For example, the barrels or containers should be labeled appropriately so that security personnel may identify which materials are of special interest to criminals.

Furthermore, knowing the protocol in case the guard inadvertently comes into touch with the harmful substance is critical.

Keep Safe Distance from Suspects

Even if the security guard has apprehended a potential suspect, they should stay cautious at all times. Because you never know when a suspect would act out, all security officers on patrol must speak these potentially dangerous individuals when they are out of arm’s reach. This gives the guards enough space to react if the suspect attempts to assault.

Schedule Beat Patrols in Varied Intervals

Always ensure that security personnel have varied schedules when it comes to patrolling certain checkpoints. One of the worst things you can do in law enforcement is to be predictable. This conduct allows criminals to devise schemes to disrupt your patrol efforts or cause you damage. Criminals will find it more difficult to operate with varied timetables.

Stop, Look, and Listen

There is always the chance of an unforeseen event occurring, especially while a security officer is on patrol. Make it a point to pause while on patrol, look around, and listen to the surroundings to keep the guard’s senses from growing dull between occurrences. These forced pauses aid in improving attention to detail and detecting criminals who are attempting to sneak past the grounds.

Learn the Emergency Procedures

It is critical for security guards to understand the procedures for dealing with adversities such as fire, earthquakes, and other natural disasters. Knowing the approaches will help increase response time and save someone’s life. Security personnel should also have easy access to emergency contacts and equipment in case an unforeseen incident occurs.

What To Look Out For During Patrol?

Entryway Tampering

During a security patrol, always examine the condition of any entrance doors to the premises. Rather than merely looking at the door to see if it’s open or closed, security personnel should frequently inspect the lock and handle if there is any evidence of tampering. An individual may have attempted to obtain entry to the building. If this is the case, request more research and put more robust security measures in place.

Suspicious Objects

There is a chance that your commercial property will be assaulted. Having a security guard on the premises is advantageous in this scenario. During patrols, security officers check for objects that aren’t supposed to be there, such as bags, briefcases, and other potentially dangerous items. If they believe the object is suspicious, they can have it inspected by a professional body.

People With Odd Behavior

Security guards are also trained on how to recognize and deal with people who may pose a potential threat. To do so successfully, they would need to be on the lookout for certain behavior cues. That is why they must be able to interpret body language in order to recognize these individuals.

Potential suspects might include persons who have been hanging out in the same area for an extended period of time without appearing to have any business there. They may also appear jumpy, sweaty, or have an unpleasant demeanor toward other individuals.

Ongoing Crime

During a routine patrol, a security officer may witness an actual crime being perpetrated. While criminals may try various strategies to avoid detection, security personnel should always be alert in case they stumble upon a heist or other crimes committed in the premises.

Where Can You Inquire for Security Patrol Services in Arizona?

United Security Guards is a security company in Arizona that offers high-quality and dependable unarmed security patrol services. We have 50 years of combined experience in security, military, and law enforcement. Our team has the skill, knowledge, and commitment needed to address your concerns and fulfill all the required duties.

Our highly trained and experienced security guards can provide you with outstanding patrol services to give your staff and customers peace of mind. They demonstrate honesty, compassion, and integrity at all times, and they always strive to meet or exceed our client’s expectations.

Get in touch with us today through our online form or email to learn more about what we offer.


Security patrolling is an inherently risky job. As they go from place to place, security guards check, monitor, and prevent a wide range of threats and concerns. They also provide peace of mind and keep an eye on various situations, especially in an emergency. That is why security services are essential for every company.

If you’re looking for efficient security patrol services in Arizona, contact United Security Guards today. We will gladly assist you with your security needs.